What is acne ( cause& type )
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Acne is one of the most occurring skin diseases in humans, affecting nearly 85% of the people. Most people develop acne between the ages of 11 and 30, but sometimes, it occurs in newborns.
Acne is a skin condition which occurs mostly on the face (it can also occur on the neck, back, shoulders, upper arms, chest, etc.) and characterized by red pimples. Pimples (also known as zit) appear on the skin due to inflamed or infected sebaceous glands. Acne principally results when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, bacteria and dead skin cells.
The tiny holes on the skin, also known as pores, are capable of being blocked by oil, dirt or bacteria. The pores help transport dead skin cells to the surface of the skin, so when they are blocked, pimples develop and if this condition repeats itself overtime, it is then referred to as acne.
What is Acne
If you are wondering what is acne, then you should know it is a condition that is quite common all over the world. It’s mostly characterized by a pimple outbreak that continues to expand and which does not seem to show any signs of regression.
Acne starts when some greasy sections that pertain to the sebaceous glands from your skins will tend to plug the openings for hair follicles. If the openings are small, the clogs will be similar to whiteheads, fresh colored bumps. On the other hand, if the openings are very large, then you will see blackheads which are dark spots with some dark centers.
Regardless of what plugged pores you might have, these can easily regress into tender, swollen inflammations of nodules. Sometimes these nodules are firm swellings that can become infected.
Usually, you will wonder what is acne during the adolescence, because this is an issue encountered mostly by teenagers. But around 20% of the infected base does pertain to adults which means that basically no one is safe.
What you do need to know is that acne will be worse in the case of people with oily skin so if you or your child have an oily skin, it’s a good idea to visit the doctor in order to avoid any type of acne.
Moreover, acne does tend to strike both men and women however it’s most likely to be found in the case of men. Women do have it, but in smaller numbers and in less moderate forms. Moreover, women can have acne after 30 years of age.
If you do have acne, you need to know that the lesions that this condition tends to bring are common on the face, but they do appear on the shoulders, back, chest and upper arms as well which is important to keep in mind.
You don’t have to keep your diet under control or anything like that, instead acne is widely known to be created due to heredity and hormones. This is why it’s important to talk with your doctor as he will be able to figure out what causes your acne and also find the perfect solution for your problem.
Once you do receive a treatment or a recommendation, you need to follow it to the letter. It’s a mandatory thing that you need to do and the results will certainly pay off, that’s a given. Be prepared for acne to last for a lot of time though, you will have a hard time fighting it once it gets in your skin. But it doesn’t mean that you can’t eliminate it, so try to do all you can in order to deal with it properly and the results will certainly pay off, that’s for sure. Also, keep in touch with the professionals and try to eliminate from your diet the stuff that might worsen the situation, it’s a good idea to talk with a nutritionist in this regard.
What Causes of Acne
The root cause of acne has not been fully determined, and effects may vary widely from person to person. Contrary to popular belief, no firm links have been established between acne and diet, bad hygiene, or sex drive. In fact, most research points to the following main causes for acne:
- Hormones: Common acne generally starts with an increase in hormone production which is why it is so common during puberty. This is also a period where the skin’s oil glands work overtime to make more sebum, making bacterial infections possible.
- Bacteria: In nearly every case of acne, bacterial infections have been determined as a major cause. Infections starting deep in the pores of the skin result in common or inflammatory acne.
- Contraceptives: Certain contraceptive pills including injectable contraceptives and birth control devices may cause acne.
- Steroids: Steroids commonly used to boost physical performance can lead to severe outbreaks of acne in athletes.
- Rare Diseases: Certain cases of acne have also been linked to diseases that cause excess of certain hormones. In women, this is referred to as polycystic ovary syndrome and may be accompanied with other symptoms.
- Chemical Exposure: Another cause of acne breakouts is exposure to certain classes of chemicals, like halogenated hydrocarbons (found in insecticides and herbicides) at the workplace.
- Medication: The regular use of medicines like phenytoin and certain eczema ointments may cause skin acne.
- Humidity: Sweating heavily or wearing tight clothing, while working out increases the moisture and friction your skin faces, and may develop spots where acne can break out.
Types of Acne
Blackheads are plugged, inflamed hair follicles that have reached the skin’s surface. Their dark color is caused by exposure to air, not dirt.
These occur when hair follicles get plugged up and become inflamed bumps. They look white because they stay beneath the skin’s surface.
Papules are small pink bumps on the skin’s surface. They are often inflamed and may be tender to the touch.
The most obvious type of acne, pimples are papules that have pus-filled lesions on top. Producing pus is how your body fights an acne outbreak.